Pine wood is marketed under a variety of names, that are also used for the trees itself. Examples are Scotch Pine, white Pine and sand Pine. Wood that is sold under the name of Baltic red wood, Scotch pine, Nordic or polar Pine in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, usually comes from Scandinavia, Finland or Russia.


Botanical name: Pinus sylvestris
Overall character: Pines grow mostly straight in the stand with a cylindric solid trunk, though the growth habit can heavily depend on the growth region and ecological conditions. Regional Pines can therefore also have crooked-shafted, spirally grown or branched trunks.
Color and structure: Unlike the Spruce and Pine, the sapwood and heartwood are very different in color (heartwood trees). While the 2 to 10 cm wide splint has a yellow to reddish-white color, the heartwood is a reddish yellow shade while fresh, and later develops an auburn shade.
Characteristics/features: Pinewood has an average gross density of 520 kg/m3 with a moisture content of 12-15%. It has a medium weight compared to other softwoods. The mechanical properties of the wood are very good compared to those of Spruce. However, the spreading area is very large and depends on the origin and growth conditions of the Pine.
Areas of use: Pine wood is marketed and used in the form of logs, sawn timber and plywood, and it is also used in the production of wooden materials.