The Serbian spruce (P. omorica), the Sibirian Spruce (P. ovata), the Himalaya Spruce (P. smithiana), as well as the North American Engelmann Spruce (P. engelmannii), the white Spruce (P. glauca) and the black Spruce (P. mariana) are of regional significance.


Botanical name: Picea abies
Overall character: Straight grained, light conifer wood without core coloring. Due to its dark growth rings, this wood is structured very clearly.
Color and structure: The sapwood and heartwood are indistinguishable in color. The timber has a yellowish white color and glossy matte finish, darkening under the influence of light to a yellowish brown.
Characteristics/features: Spruce wood is light, soft and relatively elastic and strong. Processing of the wood (fresh and dry) is easy and can be carried out quickly and gently with the help of tools and mechanics, without harming the tools.
Areas of use: Spruce wood is offered as roundwood, sawn timber, veneer and in the form of glued components. It is by far the most widely used timber for building construction and civil engineering, for example in roof-supporting constructions and other industrial constructions, sports facilities, water as well as bridge construction.
Sources: https://www.holzvomfach.de